The Kangal dog is also known as (Turkish Kangal dog) is a powerful, bold, and big dog which has been used as guarding of cattle against predators. It has a bid head with ears falling down. It is taller and wider than other breeds which make it a perfect guarding dog.
They are trained and used in teams to protect livestock from centuries which has made it gentle and protective with children and cattle, meanwhile violent against predators. According to history they basically belong to turkey and because of their guarding ability got popularity in the US in the 20th century.
They don’t want and like to sit idle as they are working
dogs. We will discuss further to know more about temperament, appearance, and
grooming of Kangal dog.
Kangal dog was also declared as the national dog of turkey. It made it safe from cross-breeding, so
there is consistency in its appearance and looks. This dog got so much popularity
in turkey that they used it on Turkish
Personality and temperament of Kangal dog:
A Kangal dog is famous for its predictable and stable
temperament against human and livestock. As shepherds in turkey used it for
guarding their sheep and cattle, aggressive behavior toward these animals was
not acceptable. They trained it in such a way that now it’s in nature of Kangal
dog to protect children and livestock. This dog has a natural sense to feel the
presence of predators around. It can attack the predators when it comes to the
security of folks.
This is a working dog and will not lay down doing anything. It makes it boring and annoying. If you don’t have any folk or livestock it will work to protect your family and children and will find all ways for protection.
Kangal dog is not suitable for small homes and apartments,
as it has the habit of digging and jumping. Like all working breeds, it barks
awfully without any reason which leads to disturbance and irritation sometimes.
It is a bold, fearless and trustworthy dog who remains loyal
to its owner. It can guard against raccoons, wolves, and bears.
The physical appearance of Kangal dog
There are two government breeding centers in Sivas (origin of Kangal dog) working for its pure breed. That is why there is a little history of its cross-breeding. Due to pure breeding, it has consistent appearance and behavior. If you ever see a Kangal dog with a white head or fluffy coat than this is not a pure breed.
This pure breed is a powerful, big and strong dog which
stands 30 to 32 inches tall, and its
average weight lies between 110 to 145
It has a famous and unique curled shape tail which makes it different and completes the aura of its personality.
This dog is usually found in light golden, fawn or dun color. It always has a tan color which
makes it prominent in folks and recognizable against predators.
It has a charming black
mask on its muzzle and ears. This black color sometimes covers the area of
the head as well.
A Kangal dog has a double
coat. The outer layer of coat is always dense and harsh to touch while the
inner layer is soft. Its coat is always straight, if you ever found a Kangal
dog with curly, wavy, or fluffy coat then this is not a purebred. The coat of
Kangal dog changes with the season, in winter it gets dense, meanwhile, in
spring the out layer gets shredded. The average length of the coat is between 3cm to 7cm.
Taking care of Kangal breed:
These guard dogs have high intelligence and wonderful
personalities along with the habit of chewing and digging. They like to dig the
ground, especially under fences. Their speed of growth is little slow as
compared with other working dogs. A puppy Kangal will reach maturity after two
years. As they protect and care human being and his belongings, one must take
care for his food and grooming. Below are some tips in this regard.
Diet and food requirements:
Historically known these dogs can rely on goat’s milk, yogurt or bread, but this diet has led to lack of nutrition like proteins in this breed. So, you should provide high-quality kibble for better nourishment and growth. These dogs often like to have raw meat as well.
These dogs eat less than other working dogs, in spite of
their huge bodies. You can serve it with the bowl of quality kibble especially formulated for large and working breeds.
Here is a guideline for calories requirement of this breed
3900 to 4800 calories
2600 to 3500 calories
3000 to 4100 calories
2100 to 2800 calories
According to his weight, this dog requires 30 calories per one pound. Do not try to overfeed for fast growth and extra size; this will contribute nothing other than causing obesity. During their infantile years, they need something to chew and nothing can be better than a toy.
As we discussed this is a working dog which makes him
active. It requires wide space to walk, roam, and run around. It would not be
convenient with doing normal obedience exercise like other breeds. The miles of
the walk they do while guarding is enough for them. They need an open and
private space for roaming and walking. It will help to stimulate trust and
loyalty with the owner.
These dogs are different from other breeds in the aspect of
characteristics, behavior, and training requirements. They will not opt to
casual training of socializing and well behaving. They have got these abilities
in their genes. They have been working as guard dogs, so they don’t need any
training in this regard.
You may train it to expose the smells of folk animals and
socialize with them. Start socializing it with livestock and other animals in
This breed requires minimal grooming, as they shed their
coat twice a year. No regular brushing is needed, just brush with a metal comb
once a week to remove extra hairs. Trim and clip the nails once in a month.
Unlike other breeds they do not require daily brushing of teeth, dental hygiene
can be maintained by a good diet.
Health issues of Kangal dog:
This breed is a healthy breed with very low chances of any disease. The only disease they suffer from is hip dysplasia. It causes saver pain in hip joints. It can be cured through surgeries which may cost $6000. Other than this issue, they are not a victim of many diseases like other giant breeds. The only thing to consider is that you buy it from a good breeder who provides proper medication and care.
Buying a Kangal dog puppy
If you are considering buying this dog then get it from a reputed breeder, who is always ready to provide complete information about the breed and possible issues. A good breeder will tell you everything about temperament, behavior, and habits of Kangal dog. Make sure that it qualifies the requirement of pure breed and is not a crossbreed dog.
You may contact local dog walkers, rescues organizations and
shelter homes as well. They might arrange a Kangal dog for you.
Saif ur Rehman is a dog lover and he is the veterinary graduate. According to him, he is a dog lover, and he has a mini husky and a poodle in his house. He loves to collect information about dogs. He regularly writes dog’s related articles on Ezinearticles.com, DogsDB.com, and other leading pet’s health websites. His articles are SEO optimized, Well-researched and informative.